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This web page has the article below and links to all the references.

Quantum Theory with Computer & Cyber Security Applications 

Donn M. Silberman, Fellow of the OSSC & SPIE

Solvay Conference 1927 photo.jpg

The complete article can be downloaded here.

The transition from classical to modern physics (including quantum) has dramatically changed our civilization. The people in the above photo ushered in this change beginning over 100 years ago and the effects are still making exponential change with current and future applications including quantum computing, encryption, sensing, materials development, logistics, communications and much more.

In December 2018, the US Federal Government passed the National Quantum Initiative1 that recognized and funded some of the current efforts in developing the quantum industry in the United States. Other countries have done this2,3,4 both before and after the US, making this a global race to capitalize on the significant progress that has been made in past decades. In the past two years, the amount of attention that has been focused on many advances has left companies, national laboratories, colleges, and universities with many open positions for people skilled with knowledge and experience in quantum technologies. Some very excellent work5,6 has been done assessing the needs of the quantum industry.  Most of this work has been for people with undergraduate and graduate degrees in physics, chemistry, math, engineering, computer science, material science and related technologies. In line with some of my past educational endeavors, I have been consulting with EdQuantum to develop a hybrid curriculum in advanced optics, spectroscopy, and quantum technologies for technicians to fill the workforce gap between those with undergraduate and high school degrees.


1.       L. Smith, National Quantum Initiative Act – H.R.6227, United States Congress (2018)

2.       C. Wigand, J. Waldstein,  Quantum technologies Flagship kicks off with first 20 projects European Commission, Press Corner (2018)

3.       M. Giles, The man turning China into a quantum superpower, MIT Technology Review (2018)

4.       N. Koshika  Japan plots 20-year race to quantum computers, chasing US and China, Nikkei Asian Review (2019)

5.       C. D. Aiello et al, Achieving a quantum smart workforce,  Quantum Sci. Technol. 6 030501 (2021)

6.       C. Hughes, et al, Assessing the Needs of the Quantum Industry, FERMILAB-PUB-21-381-T

7.       A. Asfaw, et al, Building a Quantum Engineering University Program, arXiv:2108.01311v1 [physics.ed-ph] (2021)

8.       D. Shaw, Big ticket investments have created a growing number of quantum unicorns.

Quantum Hardware Outlook 2022 - Quantum Computing Report

9.       P. Bordow, et al, Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC) and the Quantum Threat, Wells Fargo Advanced Technology

10.     Quantum Cryptography & Encryption: What It Is & How It Works, Sectigo, Blog Post, Oct. 23, 2020

11.     DHS wants state & local governments to start planning for quantum computing; releases road maps and resources to help

12.      Twenty Years at Light Speed: The Future of Photonic Quantum Computing

Non-cited reference websites for more information

A.   Inside Quantum Technology

B.   Quantum Computing Report - Market Analysis, News & Resources

C.   Quantum.Tech 2021 | Quantum Tech Virtual Event (

D.  The Quantum Decade | IBM

E.  What to Look Out For as the IT Community Starts Implementing PQC - Quantum Computing Report - Oct. 22, 2022

F.  Quantum Random-Number Generators: Practical Considerations and Use Cases Jan. 2021

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