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This web page has the article below and links to all the references.

Quantum Education & Workforce Development

Donn M. Silberman, Fellow of the OSSC & SPIE

Q-12 Q2Work Logo.JPG

Here are the first two paragraphs of the article.  Click on the red link below to download the full article.

This article will be updated with additional related information until it is published on the Technolink Association  blog in August.

Educating our population about the quantum world so they can actively participate in the next generation of innovation as we build a better tomorrow is essential.  This effort is already underway locally, nationally, and globally; here the reader is introduced to quantum education and career pathways for students.

In my previous article, Quantum Theory with Current and Future Cybersecurity Applications, I mentioned that the US Federal Government passed the National Quantum Initiative1  and other countries have similar programs2,3,4.  Due to the continuing global shortage of skilled technical workers in advanced science, the new quantum ecosystem is also in need of educated people.

The complete article can be downloaded here.


  1. L. Smith, National Quantum Initiative Act – H.R.6227, United States Congress (2018)

  2. C. Wigand, J. Waldstein,  Quantum technologies Flagship kicks off with first 20 projects European Commission, Press Corner (2018)

  3. M. Giles, The man turning China into a quantum superpower, MIT Technology Review (2018)

  4.  N. Koshika  Japan plots 20-year race to quantum computers, chasing US and China, Nikkei Asian Review (2019)

  5. C. D. Aiello et al, Achieving a quantum smart workforce,  Quantum Sci. Technol. 6 030501 (2021)

  6. C. Hughes, et al, Assessing the Needs of the Quantum Industry, FERMILAB-PUB-21-381-T

  7. A. Asfaw, et al, Building a Quantum Engineering University Program, arXiv:2108.01311v1 [physics.ed-ph] (2021)

  8. Quantum Technician Skills and Competencies for the Emerging Quantum 2.0 Industry (SPIE Optical Engineering) .Authors: Mo Hasanovic, Chrys Panayiotou, Donn Silberman, Paul Stimers, and Celia Merzbacher

  9. University of Waterloo: Institute for Quantum Computing, Schrödinger’s Class

  10. Niagara College Canada Photonics Technology Program 

  11. SPIE: Student Chapters  

  12. Optica: Student Chapters 

  13. Quantum for High School and College Students

  14. Samueli Academy

  15. Anthony J. (Nino) Polizzi  - Engineering Instructor, Samueli Academy

  16. Survey results from Samueli Academy students (3rd yr. students4th yr. students)

  17. Prof. Andrew Jordon, Co-Director, Institute for Quantum Studies, Chapman University

  18. Kahoot! for schools | Make learning awesome in class and virtually

  19. Achievement Institute for STEM Scholars | STEM Education Program| Santa Ana (

  20. AISS Thank You Letters

  21. Quantum Economic Development Consortium - Technical Advisory Committees

  22. Home | National Q-12 Education Partnership | UIUC 

  23. Optricks Day at the Discovery Cube 2004

  24. Optricks & Lasers Extravaganza at the Discovery Cube 2012

  25. DiscoveryCube Science Center, Santa Ana, California  

  26. Vital Link Orange County

  27. Vital Link Career Day at Costa Mesa High School 2014

  28. Vital Link STEM Leadership Conference April 11, 2019  

  29. Vital Link STEM Leadership Conference April 13, 2019

  30. Quantum education and pathways: an open-source modifiable presentation to high school and college students | SPIE Optics + Photonics

  31. Quantum education and pathways - an open-source modifiable presentation to high school and college students * to be published in August 2022 by SPIE

More photos of many past optics educational outreach programs can be viewed on Donn's Public Photo Albums.

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